Main information
Main information

Вузы Основная информация.pngFormation is the basic priority direction and the basic indicator of development in all civilized countries of the world. Higher education reception always was, remains and will be one of major landmarks in human life, especially in the conditions of the modern world with its rigid competition on a labor market. It confirms an example of our country where 35 % of adult population have higher education – this indicator (at level of 30-35 %) is characteristic for the countries with the developed economy.

Higher education as the educational level designation, means vocational training top level in three-level system (after an average of the general or vocational training) and includes set of the systematized knowledge and practical skills which allow to solve theoretical and practical problems on a professional profile.

In March, 2010 Kazakhstan has officially joined the Bolonsky declaration and became 47th full member of the European zone of higher education. 60 Kazakhstan universities have signed the Great Charter of Universities. Thus, transition to three-level model of preparation of experts has been carried out: the bachelor - the master - doctor Ph. D, based on principles of the Bolonsky declaration (it is known also as the Great Charter of Universities, on June, 19th, 1999).

The Bolonsky declaration contains seven key positions:

1. Acceptance system of comparable degrees, through introduction of the appendix to the diploma for a possibility of employment of the European citizens and increase of the international competitiveness of the European system of higher education.

2. Introduction of two-cyclic training: preliminary (pregraduate) and final (graduate). The first cycle lasts not less than three years. The second should conduct to reception of degree of the master or degree of the doctor.

3. Introduction of the European system of reoffset of test units of labor input for support of large-scale student's mobility (system of credits, or credit technology of training). It also provides the option with the student of studied disciplines. For a basis it is offered to accept ECTS (European Credit Transfer System), having made its memory system, capable to work within the limits of the concept «training during all life».

. 4. It is essential to develop mobility of pupils (on the basis of performance of two previous points). To expand mobility of teaching and other personnel by offset of the period of time spent by them for work in the European region. To establish standards of transnational formation

5. Assistance to the European cooperation in maintenance of quality for the purpose of working out of comparable criteria and methoods

6. Introduction of intrahigh school monitoring systems of quality formation and attraction to an external estimation activity of high schools students and employers

7. Assistance to necessary European views in higher education, especially in the field of development of curricula, interinstitutional cooperation, schemes of mobility and joint programs of training, practical preparation and carrying out of scientific researches.

Rapprochements and harmonizations process of education systems in the Europe countries within the limits of the Bolonsky declaration for the creation of uniform European space in higher education has received the name of Bolonsky process in which now also actively participates Kazakhstan

Joining the Kazakhstan higher educational institutions to the Great Charter of universities which now have signed more than 650 universities of the world, will allow to approach domestic education to the European standards.

In educational process of high schools entranced progressive technologies and training systems, in 135 higher educational institutions entered the credit technology of training, in 38 - realized the two-degree formation, in 42 - remote training.

In 16 higher educational institutions goes preparation of doctors PhD in partnership with leading foreign high schools.

Meanwhile, Kazakhstan has kept the Soviet (traditional) system of reception higher education particular, a medical, veterinary, military profile, graduates on which receive qualification of the expert, instead of the bachelor.

Forms of reception higher education

Higher education in Kazakhstan can be received on the basis of the general secondary education (11 classes), initial professional, average professional and higher education; in the internal, correspondence, evening, remote form and external; on a commercial basis and it is free, etc.

Let's look a variety of forms in which probably we can study in higher education educational institutions.

On the basis of general secondary education and initial vocational training higher education receive regularly, that is all term of training – 4 years for a bachelor degree and 4-5-6 years for the expert.

On the basis of average vocational training, if higher education to receive on a related speciality (for example, juridical education in college and in high school), and higher education (as one higher education already is, is possible to arrive on any another) higher education receive on the reduced terms of training (on the basis of college, as a rule, about 3 years, on the basis of higher education – 2 years). It doesn't concern receipt cases on an unrelated speciality after average vocational training (studied in medical college, I arrive on an economic speciality) and on those specialities on which the reduced terms of reception of the second higher education (after the first technical education aren't provided I arrive in medical high school).

Full-time course of study – the most widespread and traditional at least for the first higher education. As appears from the term "internal", the student is «on teachers eyes» and dean's office all 4/5 years, that is educational process is a basic kind of activity for the student all time of training. Educational process is organized in such a manner that disciplines and hours are in regular intervals distributed within a year on semester or trimesters, employment are conducted at least 5 days in a week till some hours per day, with obligatory lectures, seminars and other kinds of studies; session, vacation and so forth

Correspondence mode of study, as a rule, assumes that the student is 2 times a year on intensive employment by duration approximately about one month upon termination of which passes examinations. Thus since 2008 on some specialities in Kazakhstan higher education reception on correspondence mode of study on the basis of the general secondary education (after 11 classes) is excluded, it is in absentia possible to study only on the basis of an average professional and higher education (3 or 2 years).

The evening mode of study, which else name internally-correspondence, consists that educational process is transferred on an evening, that is the student has possibility in the afternoon to work (as a rule), and after 18 p.m. visits employment at university. On evening mode of study arrive after any step of formation, however the reduced terms of training on related specialities or on the basis of higher education, and an interdiction for reception of some specialities under the given form also are provided.

Remote training - set of the technologies providing delivery by the trainee of the basic volume of the studied material, interactive interaction of trainees and teachers in the course of training, granting by the trainee of possibility of independent work on development of a studied material, and also in the course of training. As a rule, remote training through Internet technologies is realized: in the Network lecture complexes, tasks for independent work which are checked by the teacher take place, online consultations and lectures are spent, check of mastering of a material also is carried out in the form of online testing. Students hand over graduation examinations and thesis protection (if it is provided) regularly, that is is direct in high school.

External as mode of study means independent studying general educational programs of the higher (also it is applied in the general secondary education) formations with intermediate and state (total) certifications.

The essence external consists in possibility to receive an average or higher education, without attending school, university daily, on the basis of an individual educational trajectory with training and work combination or training in two high schools simultaneously. Biennial (or more) the program can be passed for one year with delivery intermediate and state (total) certifications.

In present standards documents of higher education evidence on mode of study isn't present, that is in the diploma specified only the high school, a speciality, the data of the owner of the diploma .

Citizens of Kazakhstan have a possibility to receive the first higher education free of charge on a competitive basis, of the state order. How to receive the educational grant, it is possible to learn on a special page of our Portal.

Table 1. The dynamics of growth of state educational order

2004-2005

2005-2006

2006-2007

2007-2008

2008-2009

2009-2010

2010-2011

25710

31210

32490

33190

33490

34840

35425

Additionally we established admission quotas in the distribution of educational grants:
For persons of Kazakh nationality, who are not citizens of Kazakhstan - 2%;
For disabled persons of I and II group, handicapped persons from childhood, handicapped children - 0,5%;
For orphans and children with out parental guardianship - 1%;
Rural quota - 30%;
For persons, equaled to participants of war and handicaps from war in benefits and guarantees, - 0,5%.
Besides educational grants, there is a practice of grants awarding from akims of the regions, chancellors of universities, universities by themselves, universities’ partners, and private grants.
The contract form towards an education, i.e. paid, remains for other citizens. By the by, the extraordinary majority of students studies free of charge, it also shows their desire to get higher education. There is no reason for being upset, because the released grants are distributed 2 times per year, you can keep the track of information on the website of Ministry of Education and Science or in a university approximately from the second half of January and July.
Table 2. Main indicators of the system of higher and postgraduate education

Indicators 

2007/2008

2008/2009

2009/2010

2010/2011

Total number of universities

140

144

145

148

Contingent of students

717053

633814

610264

620442

Study on the state order

125179

118629

141852

140533

%

17,5

18,7

23,2

22,6

Study in Kazakh language

334998

301815

303720

319940

%

47,0

47,6

49,8

51,5

Contingent of full-time faculty 

377989

330970

318712

329408

%

53,0

52,0

52,2

53,1

Contingent of tuition by correspondence 

339064

302844

291552

285311

%

47,0

48,0

47,8

45,9

Resource: Ministry of education and science of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Next thing on what the attention should be paid in making decision about higher education is the choosing of educational institution, that is the university.
It can be considered in the context of form of ownership and militarization of university.
Depending on the form of ownership the universities can be:
State – control packet of shares (or 100% shares of university),or property law, or defined holding of shares (incorporated), that belong to the country;
Private – 100% shares belong to private persons.
In the structure of state universities there are universities, that have special status, - national universities. It is worth to point the unique Nazarbayev University, that was opened in 2010 in the capital, the state order in the volume of 500 places for the teaching of listeners on the preparation faculty were approved for it, and it is planed to conduct educational process according to the same principles.
Besides the form of ownership the universities can be classified into civil and uncivil (this information is also available on the portal). Additionally admission in civil and uncivil universities is different as the last are departmental universities of authorities, for the work in which, in fact, graduating students are prepared.
Table 3. The network of higher educational institutions of the Republic of Kazakhstan
 

Years

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

Total

170

182

173

175

176

176

176

140

144

145

148

State universities, including:

47

60

62

63

68

68

69

57

55

55

56

Civil universities

47

49

50

50

55

55

55

43

42

42

43

Uncivil universities


11

12

13

13

13

14

14

13

13

13

Private universities

123

122

111

112

108

108

107

83

89

90

92

Resources: Ministry of education and science of the Republic of Kazakhstan
Education in universities of Kazakhstan is conducted in Kazakh, Russian and English languages in 520 specialties.
If to tell about achievements of our universities, then it is worth to point, for example, following.
Corporative university is created on the basement of Karaganda State Technical University together with 27 enterprises of Central Kazakhstan and Russia.
The laboratories of engineering field are functioning in 15 universities (Kazakh National Technical University named after Satpayev, Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Eastern Kazakh State Technical University named after Serikbayev D., Karaganda State Technical University, Kazakh State University named after Buketov, Eurasian National University named after Gumilyev L.N. and others). The national scientific laboratories for multi-users are created in 3 universities: Kazakh National University named after Al-Farabi, Eastern Kazakhstan State University named after Amanzholov S., Kazakh National Technical University named after Satpayev K.I.
Technology parks are created in 9 universities, and will be created in 2 more universities.
325 projects are done in applied scientific research, out of them 78 are done by universities 24 (%).
Opened:
- Kazakhstan- Japanese innovational center in Kazakh National Agro University
- Kazakh – French educational center in Kazakh National Technical University named after Satpayev K.;
- Institute of Welding in Karaganda State Technical University.
A number of universities provide collaboration with employer on the contract base.
Some universities realize the program of two-diploma education in cooperation with foreign universities or inside university.